Helpers

Upfront exports some helper functions that are utilities for your development and/or stylistic choice of how you interact with upfront.

Table of content

String

Upfront provides some helper methods to help manipulate strings. All of these are also available on the String.prototype if you choose to include the helper files in your script and if you have not already defined the same methods. The helper can be reached at:

```js import '@upfrontjs/framework/string.min.js'; // or import '@upfrontjs/framework/string.es.min.js'; ```
```ts import '@upfrontjs/framework/src/string'; ```

The signature of the methods on the String.prototype methods matches the below, except the first argument can be omitted as that is taken from the context. For example:

```js 'The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.'.after('over ').before('.').plural().ucFirst().finish('?'); // 'The lazy dogs?' ```
import { after, before, plural, ucFirst, finish } from '@upfrontjs/framework/string.min.js';

finish(ucFirst(plural(before(after('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.', 'over '), '.'))), '?'); // 'The lazy dogs?'

ucFirst

The ucFirst method sets the first character the given string to uppercase.

import { ucFirst } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

ucFirst('string'); // 'String'

title

The title method turns the given string to Title Case.

import { title } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

title('someRandom string'); // Some Random String

finish

The finish method ensures that the given string ends with the given token.

import { finish } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

finish('string', '!'); // 'string!'
finish('string!', '!'); // 'string!'

start

The start method ensures that the given string starts with the given token.

import { start } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

start('string', 'is '); // 'is string'
start('is string', 'is '); // 'is string'

camel

The camel method turns the given string into camelCase.

import { camel } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

camel('String value'); // 'stringValue'

snake

The snake method turns the given string into snake_case.

import { snake } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

snake('String value'); // 'string_value' 

kebab

The kebab method turns the given string into kebab-case.

import { kebab } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

kebab('String value'); // 'string-value'

plural

The plural method pluralises the given string.

import { plural } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

plural('car'); // 'cars'
plural('goose'); // geese

singular

The singular method returns the singular form of the given string.

import { singular } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

singular('cars'); // car
singular('geese'); // goose

before

The before method returns part of the string before the given token. If the given token is not found or is an empty string '' or the string starts with the token, then it returns an empty string.

import { before } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

before('string', 'r'); // 'st'
before('string', 'not found token'); // ''
before('string', ''); // ''
before('string', 's'); // ''

beforeLast

The beforeLast method returns the part of the given string before the last occurrence of the given token. If the given token is not found or is an empty string '' or the string starts with the token and is the last occurrence, then it returns an empty string.

import { beforeLast } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

beforeLast('this is a string', 't'); // 'this is a s'
beforeLast('string', 'not found token'); // ''
beforeLast('string', ''); // ''
beforeLast('string', 's'); // ''

after

The after method returns part of the given string after the first occurrence of the given token. If the given token is not found or is an empty string '' or the string ends with the token and is the first occurrence, then it returns an empty string.

import { after } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

after('string', 'n'); // 'g'
after('string', ''); // ''
after('string', 'g'); // ''
after('string', 'not found token'); // ''

afterLast

The afterLast method returns part of the given string after the last occurrence of the given token. If the given token is not found or is an empty string '' or the string ends with the token, then it returns an empty string.

import { afterLast } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

afterLast('this is a string', 't'); // 'ring'
afterLast('this is a string', ''); // ''
afterLast('this is a string', 'g'); // ''
afterLast('this is a string', 'not found token'); // ''

pascal

The pascal method turns the given string into PascalCase.

import { pascal } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

pascal('someValue'); // 'SomeValue'

limit

The limit method limits the given string ti the specified length and appends it with a string.

import { limit } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

limit('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', 9); // 'The quick...'
limit('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', 9, ' {...}'); // 'The quick {...}'

words

The words method limits the given string to the specified number of words and appends it with a string.

import { words } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

words('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', 3); // 'The quick brown...
words('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', 3, ' {...}'); // 'The quick brown {...}

is

The is method determines whether the given string matches the given pattern. The pattern can be a string, a string using glob patten or a RegExp. The method accepts a third boolean argument which is to whether ignore letter casing or not when the second argument is a string.

import { is } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

is('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', 'The quick*'); // true
is('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', new RegExp(/jumps/)); // true
is('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', 'the quick*', true); // true

includesAll

The includesAll method determines whether all tokens are included in the given string.

import { includesAll } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

includesAll('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog', ['fox', 'jumps', 'dog']); // true

uuid

The uuid method generates a version 4 universally unique identifier.

import { uuid } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

uuid(); // '971cde1c-2429-4846-bfa7-e62ff5d65363'

WARNING

Given this is used for generating string, as such isn't available on the String.prototype but on the String constructor. Therefore, you may use it as String.uuid().

isUuid

The isUuid method determines whether the given value is a UUID.

import { isUuid } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

isUuid('380f4ac6-1463-4024-8d53-78da9ad0756c') // true

TIP

isUuid is as also available on the String constructor to be consistent with the uuid method.

String.isUuid('value') // false

Array

Upfront provides a couple of helper methods to help work with arrays. These methods are also available on the Array.prototype and/or the Array constructor if you choose to include helper file in your script and if not already defined any of them. The helper can be reached at:

```js import '@upfrontjs/framework/array.min.js'; // or import '@upfrontjs/framework/array.es.min.js'; ```
```ts import '@upfrontjs/framework/src/array'; ```

collect

The collect method returns a Collection instance.

import { collect } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

collect([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]); // Collection

paginate

The paginate method returns a Paginator instance. The arguments match the Paginator's constructor signature.

import { paginate } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

paginate([1, 2, 3, 4, 5], 5, true); // Paginator

wrap

The wrap method ensures that the given value is an array. If the helper file is included this method is available on the Array constructor not the prototype.

import { wrap } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

wrap(1); // [1]
wrap([1]); // [1]
wrap(); // []

Function

factory

The factory method returns a FactoryBuilder. It first takes a model constructor and optionally an amount argument which is the equivalent of the times method on the FactoryBuilder.

import { factory } from '@upfrontjs/framework';
import User from '@/Models/User';

const userModelCollection = factory(User, 5).make(); // ModelCollection

collect

The collect method returns a Collection instance with the passed in items.

import { collect } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

const numberCollection = collect([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]); // Collection

paginate

The paginate method returns a Paginator instance with the passed in items.

import { paginate } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

const paginator = paginate([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]); // Paginator

isObjectLiteral

The isObjectLiteral is a helper function to evaluate that the passed in argument is a non-null object literal {}.

import { paginate } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

isObjectLiteral({}); // true

isUserLandClass

The isUserLandClass is a helper to evaluate that the passed in argument is a class constructor defined in the script, which can be used with the new keyword.

import { isUserLandClass } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

isUserLandClass(class C {}); // true

WARNING

This only returns true for classes that are not built-ins, e.g.: isUserLandClass(Array) will be false.

transformKeys

The transformKeys method recursively transforms the keys of the given object. to the given casing. The first argument is the object to transform, the second argument is the casing ('camel' | 'snake') to transform to (default: 'camel'). This will not transform classes and built in methods (eg.: toString() won't become to_string()).

import { transformKeys } from '@upfrontjs/framework';

const obj = {
    nestedObjects: [
        { my_key: 1 }
    ],
    my_key: 2
};

transformKeys(obj); // { nestedObjects: [{ myKey: 1 }], myKey: 2 };

retry

The retry method is a helper to retry a promise function a number of times if the promise rejects. The function takes 3 arguments:

  • fn - The function to retry
  • maxRetries (default: 3) - The number of times to retry.
  • delay (default: 0) - The delay in milliseconds between retries. If the delay has been set to 0, the function will run again as soon as the promise rejects. This could also be a function that accepts the current retry count and returns the delay.
import { retry } from '@upfrontjs/framework';
import User from '@/Models/User';

// Retry the function `User.get()` 3 times with a delay of 1 second between each retry. Therefore, sending off 4 (initial + retries) requests in total.
const user = retry(async () => User.find(1), 3, 1000)
    .catch(() => {
        console.log('We really can\'t find the user.');
    });

// Retry the function with progressively longer delays.
const user2 = retry(User.all, 3, attemptNumber => attemptNumber * 1000);

dataGet

The dataGet is a helper method to safely access any path within an object or array. If the path does not exist, it will return an undefined.

import { dataGet } from '@upfrontjs/framework';
import Team from '~/Models/Team';
import User from '~/Models/User';
import Shift from '~/Models/Shift';

const complexStructure = Team.factory().with(
    User.factory().with(Shift.factory().attributes({ id: 1 }))
).makeMany();

dataGet(complexStructure, '0.users.0.shifts.0.id') === 1; // true